1.

The Correct Answer is (D) — This question tests you on appropriate word choices. (D) is the correct answer; it’s most sensible to say that the new dish was “invented.” (A), “plotted,” is incorrect because it’s a word we’d normally associate with a secret plan, not a food. (B), “coined,” is a word more closely associated with new words, phrases, or names than dishes. (C), “hatched,” suggests the birth of new ideas and plans (or birds) rather than foods.

2.

The Correct Answer is (H) — This question prompts you to pick the least wordy and redundant option. (H) is the correct answer for two reasons: it doesn’t repeat the word “name,” already used at the start of the sentence, and it uses “refers” in the simple present tense. The other forms of the word are too clunky. (F) needlessly repeats “name” and also uses “is a reference to.” (G) commits a similar error, reusing “name” and adding “being a reference to.” (J) is likewise incorrect, making the same redundant and wordy choices as (F) and (G).

3.

The Correct Answer is (C) — This question asks you to correct the tone of a sentence. The correct answer is (C). The best way forward is to think about the tone of the passage as a whole; it’s semiformal, similar to the writing you might find in an informative newspaper article about food. (A) is incorrect because the long, dramatic word “gargantuan” creates a tone of hyperbole that would be better suited to fiction or a personal essay. (B) and (D) are simply too informal. (C) maintains a plain, journalistic tone.

4.

The Correct Answer is (J) — To answer this word choice question, ask yourself what each option brings to the sentence. (J) is the correct answer. It’s clear already that each version of döner kebab has its own name, so “individual” (F), “specific” (G), and “particular” (H) merely serve as wordy extras. (J) is correct; in losing the extra word, you gain a more concise sentence.

5.

The Correct Answer is (D) — This question is about precise word choices. (D) is the correct answer, as it’s the best fit in context. You can easily imagine talking about different “versions” of a recipe or a meal. The other choices are all better used to describe things that aren’t edible. (A), “rendition,” is normally used to describe a specific interpretation of a song, a piece of music, or a play. (B), “model,” is better-suited to describe something technical, like a car or a computer. (C), “edition,” fits best when it refers to a version of a book (like this one!).

6.

The Correct Answer is (J) — Since this sentence is about the different kinds of meat used in shawarma, you need to pick a word that’s appropriate when writing about food. (J), “made,” is the correct answer. We speak and write about what food is “made from” all the time. (F), “produced,” is just a bit too mechanical for this context; the sentence is describing a dish, but “produced from” suggests a technical or industrial process. (G), “fashioned,” is usually only used when the object being created is inedible. This goes for (H), “fabricated,” too.

7.

The Correct Answer is (B) — This question about precise word choices deliberately mixes up two different meanings of the word “taste” to try to trick you. The meaning that’s most appropriate in the context of the sentence refers to the flavor of food. The meaning that’s less relevant here relates to having good “taste” in music, clothing, art, etc. (B), “flavorful,” is the correct answer to this question. The (A) choice, “tasteful,” would confusingly introduce the latter sense of “taste.” (C) and (D) do the same, using words that don’t refer to how food tastes. Only (B) signifies the flavor of a food.

8.

The Correct Answer is (J) — This question is about avoiding redundant writing. (J) is the correct answer. The incorrect choices redundantly emphasize that gyros and tzatziki are Greek, even though the previous sentence has established the nationality of the dish already. (J) is the most simple and economical option of the four.

9.

The Correct Answer is (C) — Here, you must consider what each word would suggest in the sentence. (C) is the correct answer to this question. (A)’s “instituted” suggests that tacos al pastor are a law or other official body, but you know from elsewhere in the passage that they are a food. (B) and (D) are similarly imprecise words to use when describing the invention of a new food. However, (C) is an appropriate choice to describe the influence of the Lebanese chefs on Mexican cuisine.

10.

The Correct Answer is (G) — As with other economy questions, the easiest way to find the right answer here is to consider whether the extra words bring anything worthwhile to the sentence. In this case, (G) is the correct answer. (F)’s “up upon” creates a redundant effect. (H) is quite clearly too long. (J), while more economical, is still not as good a choice as the clear, concise (G).

11.

The Correct Answer is (A) — This question presents you with three wordy and redundant options, and one economical one. (A) is the correct answer. It expresses the most information with the least redundancy and wordiness. (B) uses the clunky, “where...formulated the dish.” None of this is necessary because the sentence began with “It originated.” In context, then, it’s already clear that you’re reading about the origins of the dish. (C) makes a similar error, using the wordy “having originally been produced in.” (D) is a bit better because it starts with “in Peter Gamoulakos’s restaurant.” However, it needlessly repeats “in the Canadian Province of Nova Scotia”—information that was already provided earlier.

12.

The Correct Answer is (G) — This question is about accurate word choices. (G) is the correct answer. Picking “spilled,” (F), would suggest that the sauce was put on the food by accident. However, in context, it seems most likely that Gamoulakos did it on purpose. (H)’s “plopped” implies the movement of a more solid body than a liquid, making it a bad choice when writing about sauce. (J), “thronged,” is a synonym for another definition of “pour”—the gathering together of a large group of people or things. (G) is the most sensible choice in context.

13.

The Correct Answer is (D) — This question asks you to maintain the tone of the passage as a whole. (D) is the correct answer. The tone of (A) is not formal enough for the piece; “get it all over” is too much like everyday speech. (B) goes to the opposite extreme, introducing a stilted tone similar to something you might read in a very old book. (C) uses the slangy “lots and lots of people.” The best tonal choice of the four is (D).

14.

The Correct Answer is (F) — Here you must pick the most accurate word in context. The correct answer is (F), “simple”; it fits best with “idea” and in this case means “uncomplicated.” The incorrect choices all mean something like “ordinary,” which is not quite right in context. (G), “plain,” simply creates confusion. (H) is also incorrect, as the vertical rotisserie was out of the ordinary at first. (J) is perhaps most confusing of all; “bald” can mean “unadorned,” but it is a strange way to talk about an idea.

15.

The Correct Answer is (B) — Your job here is to maintain the tone of the passage as a whole. (B) is the correct answer. “Yummy” sounds too juvenile for this passage, eliminating (A). (C), “very nice,” is too informal. On the other hand, “ambrosial” is too formal and stilted a word for an informative passage about fast food, eliminating (D). (B), “delicious,” offers just the right tone for this piece.