Question Explanations For
Meanings of Words and Phrases (Meanings of Words and Phrases Practice Questions)
The Correct Answer is (C) — (C) is the correct answer. In line 27, “reframing” refers to how the New Deal helped shift the aims of two-year colleges from preparation for four-year colleges into “workforce training in ‘semiprofessional’ fields such as stenography, typing, and bookkeeping—whatever vocational fields were then in shortest supply” (lines 22–25). Thus, (C) is the best answer. (A) is incorrect because the New Deal might have contributed to the development of two-year institutions, but the word “reframing” does not refer to changes in funding or support. (B) is incorrect because the focus of the two-year colleges changed, not their length—they were not developed into four-year colleges. (D) is incorrect because the shift in focus of two-year colleges was from additional education to practical jobs, not from peacetime to wartime training.
The Correct Answer is (G) — (G) is the correct answer. The author calls the New Deal a rehearsal for “the real revolution in community colleges that followed World War II” (lines 46–47), meaning that the New Deal was only the preliminary act in a set of much broader changes. (G) therefore makes the most sense, as it indicates future actions and changes. (F) is incorrect because “rehearsal” does not imply failure, nor does the passage indicate the New Deal failed. (H) is incorrect because “rehearsal” here does not indicate repetition, but taking the first step of many. (J) is incorrect because it is too specific: the passage nowhere mentions or implies the creation of a “second New Deal.” Instead, changes in education were labeled under and enfolded in various other measures.
The Correct Answer is (D) — (D) is the correct answer. Here, “supplementing” is used to indicate how different populations added vocational and college preparatory classes to their existing high school classes. This is only captured by (D), “augmenting,” which means adding or enhancing. (A), (B), and (C) all miss this idea of “adding” the classes to the existing curricula for certain students, as the high school was not swelling (A), intensifying (B), or increasing (C) with additional classes.
The Correct Answer is (G) — (G) is the correct answer. In this part of the passage, the author is discussing how community colleges were able to redefine themselves “in the face of unprecedented demand and a booming postwar economy” (lines 66–68). “Agility” is used to describe the metaphorical speed and flexibility of these institutions in altering their purpose and function, making (G) the correct answer choice. (F) is too specific; the passage nowhere mentions that the purpose of the institutions was to offer courses to soldiers going to war, nor does this connect with the meaning of the word “agility.” (H) is too literal, as the passage is not talking about physical fitness here. (J) is tempting, but “agility” here refers to the nimbleness of two-year colleges in adapting to meet changes in educational demand, not in their ability to continue offering their services during wartime.