1.

The Correct Answer is (A) — The two verbs “to sing” and “to perform” should be parallel in the sentence, making answer choice (A) correct.

2.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The initial phrase in this sentence is a dependent clause describing Ross, Ballard, and Wilson. Answer choice (B) works best in context, completing the descriptive phrase describing what the three singers initially called their group.

3.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The punctuation in the underlined phrase separates two independent clauses. Since the initial phrase is a statement, it should end with a period as shown in answer choice (B).

4.

The Correct Answer is (D) — This paragraph discusses Ross, Ballard, and Wilson’s early experiences as The Primettes, including their first encounter with Berry Gordy and later signing with the label. The underlined sentence changes focus to discuss Gordy’s success and background, and is thus irrelevant to the main point of the paragraph. Answer choice (D) is therefore correct.

5.

The Correct Answer is (C) — “Refusing to back down” modifies “The Primettes” and is a complete phrase that does not require any interrupting punctuation, making answer (C) the best option.

6.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The sentence has a dependent clause and then an independent clause, thus requiring a comma to set off this initial clause from the remainder of the sentence. Answer choice (B) is therefore correct.

7.

The Correct Answer is (A) — The initial part of the paragraph discusses how, after finding minimal success early on, The Supremes began to make changes to their group. The remainder of the paragraph then focuses on The Supremes’ rise to fame. The choice that best establishes this relationship is (A), which notes that the changes had a major impact before showing exactly how this was so. Answers (B) and (C) imply turns not taken in the paragraph, while (D) signals a conclusion where the paragraph is only discussing consequences.

8.

The Correct Answer is (B) — In the context of the passage, the word that best fits here would be answer choice (B), “sensation.” Diana Ross and The Supremes were not, by contrast, an international impression (A), experience (C), or feeling (D).

9.

The Correct Answer is (D) — Here, the question requires you to pick the answer choice that best fits the tone of the rest of the passage. Answers (A), (B), and (C) are all too informal, while answer choice (D) most concisely expresses the information in the underlined portion without any irregularities in tone.

10.

The Correct Answer is (D) — The initial two sentences of this paragraph are describing the different ways that the achievements of Ross, Ballard, and Wilson were significant. To write this in the clearest, most concise form, make the underlined portion parallel, as shown in answer choice (D). Answer choice (A) is parallel, but repeats the word “significant” three times and is thus unnecessarily wordy.

11.

The Correct Answer is (C) — The final paragraph describes the end of The Supremes. In order to add a sentence about The Supremes’ enduring legacy, the author should discuss some of the group’s lasting accomplishments. Answer (A) discusses Motown Records, and answer (B) only discusses Diana Ross, so both can be eliminated. Answer (D) does not address any enduring legacy, but only another specific fact. Answer choice (C) correctly addresses The Supremes’ legacy by referencing their enduring influence and the continuous playing of their songs.

12.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The second part of this sentence should be parallel to the first. Since the first part describes how “many people” think about termites, the subject of the second portion should be “they” as in answer (B).

13.

The Correct Answer is (A) — Since the two sentences connected by the underlined portion are independent clauses, and since the first is not a question, the original period is the best punctuation to separate the two. Thus, (A) is correct.

14.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The three habitats here should all be presented in parallel form. Only answer choice (B) accomplishes this by putting all habitats in plural form and removing all articles.

15.

The Correct Answer is (B) — This paragraph discusses the advantages that termites bring to the environments they live in; the underlined word should reflect this, since the topic sentence is discussing termites’ relationships to entire ecosystems. This is best expressed by answer (B), “benefit,” since the termites do not augment (A), promote (C), or bless (D) these ecosystems.

16.

The Correct Answer is (D) — The underlined portion should take the plural possessive, as the sentence is describing the excretions of multiple termites. This is clear from the way termites have been discussed as a group in earlier sentences. “Termites” should thus be written with an apostrophe on the end, as seen in answer (D).

17.

The Correct Answer is (C) — In order to punctuate this sentence correctly, the initial transition word, “Furthermore,” requires a comma after it in order to set off the remainder of the sentence. “As termites dig” is a dependent clause modifying the independent clause that follows, and so also requires a comma after it. Thus, answer choice (C) is correct.

18.

The Correct Answer is (D) — Here, choose the answer that most concisely expresses the information in the underlined portion. “Preserve and retain” is redundant, so you can eliminate (A). The phrase “in the preservation (or retention) of” as in (B) and (C) is also wordy, while answer choice (D) most succinctly captures the meaning of the phrase.

19.

The Correct Answer is (C) — This paragraph describes the impressive mounds that termites can build, including their height and some of their uses. Answer (A) is thus irrelevant, while (B) is too broad and makes a comparison not supported by the rest of the paragraph. Answer (C) references both the immense size and multitude of benefits discussed later in the paragraph, and is therefore the correct answer. Answer (D) is incorrect; the paragraph nowhere mentions tourists and so (D) would not make sense as a topic sentence.

20.

The Correct Answer is (A) — Sentence 4 discusses how the termites’ mounds help support local ecosystems, including plants. Sentences 5 and 6 move on to discuss the benefits to animals, so we can conclude that the sentence should not be moved later in the paragraph. Sentences 1-3 discuss the extraordinary height of the mounds, so it would not make sense to move sentence 4 in between any of these. Thus, the sentence should remain where it is.

21.

The Correct Answer is (C) — When we look at the graphic, we see that the reproducing queen seen in the diagram is followed by eggs, and not nymphs. Answer choice (C) is therefore correct.

22.

The Correct Answer is (A) — Here, pick the most concise answer choice that best expresses the information in the underlined portion. Answer choices (B), (C), and (D) all insert unnecessary words into the phrase, so we can conclude that (A) is our best option.

23.

The Correct Answer is (C) — In the first few sentences of the paragraph, the author is using parallel structure for rhetorical effect. The first two sentences take the form “A ____ needs _____.” Answer choice (C) mirrors this structure and is the correct answer.

24.

The Correct Answer is (D) — The earlier part of the sentence offers two examples of the work boilermakers do in industrialized countries: providing heat during cold weather and generating energy. A third example is found in answer (D), retaining and preparing water for community use, while (A), (B), and (C) all offer other, irrelevant information about boilermakers.

25.

The Correct Answer is (D) — To make this sentence parallel, all elements in the list should be plural, as shown in answer choice (D).

26.

The Correct Answer is (A) — This paragraph discusses the training that boilermakers receive, including vocational training, hands-on experience, and classroom hours. It makes reference to the numerous supports within a community for boilermakers, such as local unions. Answer (A) touches on both of these parts of the paragraph, and so is the correct answer. Answers (B) and (D) are off-topic, while (C) is too specific.

27.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The noun after the introductory clause “compared to liberal arts universities or colleges” should be what that phrase is modifying. Since it is referencing the programs that offer more specialized, vocational training, answer choice (B) is correct.

28.

The Correct Answer is (C) — The verb “to create” must here agree in number with the noun that it corresponds with, which here is the singular “the boilermakers’ union.” Therefore, answer (C) is correct.

29.

The Correct Answer is (A) — Sentence 4 discusses what students learn in class during their training. Sentences 5 and 6 discuss what happens after boilermakers join the workforce, while sentences 1-3 introduce the work that students do. Thus, sentence 4 would be best where it is, as in answer choice (A).

30.

The Correct Answer is (B) — Choose the word here that best serves as a transition to the information in this paragraph. If we consider the relationship between the subjects of this paragraph and the previous one, we can see that this paragraph shifts focus entirely to discuss the strength required in a career as a boilermaker. It bears no direct connection to the previous paragraph’s discussion of boilermakers’ education, so we can rule out (A), (C), and (D), and choose (B) as our best answer.

31.

The Correct Answer is (C) — Here, we are looking for a word that means those who are not opposed to or reluctant towards physical activity. Answer (C), “averse,” captures this, while the other choices all sound similar but do not fit in context.

32.

The Correct Answer is (B) — Pick the sentence that best structures the information contained within. Answers (A) and (D) do not make sense because they imply that boilermakers are as large as 750,000 gallons and require tall ladders to access. Answer (C) is repetitive, while answer (B) correctly structures the information about the extreme heights at which boilermakers work and the size of the structures they work on.

33.

The Correct Answer is (D) — Answer choices (A) and (C) are too informal for the tone of the passage and can be eliminated. Answer (C) is too formal and doesn’t fit well in context, while answer (D) correctly states the relationship between physical strength and boilermakers in a tone appropriate to the passage.

34.

The Correct Answer is (B) — Though all the words in these choices sound alike, only answer (B) makes sense in context, since “covert” means “secret” or “clandestine.”

35.

The Correct Answer is (D) — This sentence describes how the king left behind a letter detailing his issues with the new Constitution. The word that best fits in context is (D), “grievances,” since the king is not discussing the Constitution’s injustices (A), hardships (B), or resentments (C).

36.

The Correct Answer is (C) — Choose the best linking word to connect the two parts of this phrase that describe the postmaster’s attitude. Though the postmaster was suspicious, he did not want to cause a false alarm; this turn is signaled best by answer choice (C), “but.”

37.

The Correct Answer is (B) — Since “beating the coach” and “surpassing it” are redundant, we can eliminate (A) and (C). The phrase “before it got” is also unnecessary, eliminating (D) and leaving us with the correct choice, (B).

38.

The Correct Answer is (C) — Since the “it” here is ambiguous, we need a more specific word to replace it. As “it” refers to the coach in which the king and his family were fleeing, we can select answer choice (C).

39.

The Correct Answer is (C) — The paragraph narrates the king’s flight and discovery. Sentence 2 discusses how the postmaster in Sainte-Menehould saw the carriage passing by, a point in the narrative that should come after the description of the journey but before the details about why the postmaster believed he recognized the royal family. Therefore, the sentence would fit best between sentences 3 and 4, as in answer choice (C).

40.

The Correct Answer is (A) — The paragraph discusses the questioning and subsequent seizure of the royal family, whose flight is halted and who are then forced back to Paris. Answer (B) is irrelevant to the narrative presented here, while (C) directly contradicts the events in the paragraph. Answer (D) is also off-topic, while (A) correctly frames the events that follow by mentioning the end of the royal family’s journey.

41.

The Correct Answer is (A) — Since the “its” here is possessive, it requires no apostrophe, making answer (A) correct.

42.

The Correct Answer is (C) — Choose the word that best completes the idiom. Here, the correct phrase is “open to,” and so (C) is the right answer.

43.

The Correct Answer is (D) — The previous sentence describes the destruction of the king’s credibility, while the next sentence goes on to discuss how the Legislative Assembly suspended the king’s powers, implying a causal relationship. Only answer (D) contains this implication.

44.

The Correct Answer is (B) — The final paragraph wraps up the passage by narrating the consequences of the king and his family’s attempted escape. As such, it is relevant to the topic and important for framing the narrative, providing insight into its importance. Thus, the paragraph should be kept for the reason cited in (B).